Monday, March 30, 2015

Closing off modeling climate change

Have just finished the course at EdX which I mentioned in two previous posts (first, second).

As part of an assignment I looked at historical temperatures for Georgetown and Timerhi. Georgetown has one of the most complete sets of data for this part of the world. Here is a graph showing the annual average temperatures (degrees Celsius) from 1850 (Georgetown orange, Timerhi green). It is clear that there is an upward trend which has accelerated from about 1950. The trend for Georgetown is about 0.2 degrees rise per decade and the mean temperature seems to have risen by about one degree since 1950. Global temperatures show similar results.
One closing topic was short-term mitigation - what we can do now to reduce the problem. The lecturer pointed out that there are things that can be done such as reduce heat loss by homes in cold countries, change agricultural practices to trap more carbon and increase energy efficiency of transportation. Another is to change our life style and diet.

It seems to me more than ever what we need is better working together to tackle world problems and less short-term politics.

Friday, February 27, 2015

More on modeling climate change

Am still doing this course as mentioned in the previous post. Heavy going at times with topics such as:

  • greenhouse gas physics
  • atmospheric feedbacks
  • carbon cycle
  • perturbed carbon cycle
  • solar and glacial cycles

Most weeks have models to set up using spreadsheets or programming. Some assignments require access to one or more of the Climate and Carbon Cycle Models available from University of Chicago.

One interesting prediction - if we stopped producing carbon dioxide today it would take the earth thousands of years to recover, may be hundreds of thousands. And we would not feel the full effect of what we have produced so far for hundreds of years during which the ice sheets would continue to melt and the sea level to rise...

Thursday, January 29, 2015

MOOC - climate models

Am now doing another course at EdX called "Modeling Climate Change". Again this involves quite a bit of physics. The focus really does seem to be on modelling and so far seems to be a good introduction to some serious computational physics. A good course for linking with physics at the University of Guyana. More next month.

Tuesday, December 30, 2014

More MOOC

I recently finished the course "Imagining Other Earths" at Coursera and am currently doing "Greatest Unsolved Mysteries of the Universe" from EdX. Both involve some physics especially the second and are given by experts working in the field who are also good teachers. Neither are that easy but good advanced level Physics students should be able to cope.

The first is wide ranging with exoplanets as the main theme but including the solar system, star formation and astrobiology along the way. There are good video lectures and assignments requiring mostly writings short reports. Physics includes such things as inverse square law and Stephan's Law.

The second is more focused on astrophysics and cosmology with more short but good lectures and many short questions and assignments requiring calculations or estimation. More work.
Both have proved very worthwhile and a great learning experience. Recommended.

Friday, November 28, 2014

Some Physics MOOC courses

There are now quite a few such courses which look really useful for high school and university students. Here are a just few I noted below at random. I have not done any but may be a reader has and can comment. Coursera had many (35 matching PHYSICS) and EdX even more (95 matching PHYSICS). Reviewing so many is beyond me!

Coursera
Introductory Physics I with Laboratory - "Explore motion in the real world using modern tools and techniques (video capture and analysis, computer modeling) guided by fundamental physics principles."

Energy and the Earth - "Learn how all energy systems depend on the finite resources of the Earth, and how this relationship can provide a unique “big picture” perspective on energy supply."

Introduction to Electronics - "This course introduces students to the basic components of electronics: diodes, transistors, and op amps. It covers the basic operation and some common applications."

Introduction to Thermodynamics: Transferring Energy from Here to There - "In this course, you will learn how to characterize the energy state of a system and the mechanisms for transferring energy from one system to another. These are the tools necessary to understand stationary and transportation power systems from small scale, like batteries, to large scale, like nuclear power plants."

EdX
Preparing for the AP Physics 1 Exam - "This is a challenging course designed to help high school students prepare for the AP* Physics 1 test. The course covers all of the material for the test, supported by videos, simulations, and online labs. Topics include motion, forces, gravitation, energy and momentum, rotation, harmonic motion, and an introduction to electric charge and basic circuits." This seems to be part of a series.

Electronic Interfaces: Bridging the Physical and Digital Worlds - "Learn by doing: analyze, design, and build electronic interfaces between sensors and a micro-controller to build a robot or your own creation in this hands-on lab course."


Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Time dilation

Further confirmation of special relativity comes in this item at phy.org. A good way of introducing the topic.
"A team of researchers working at the Experimental Storage Ring in Damstadt, Germany have conducted an experiment using ions pushed to 40 percent of the speed of light to verify time dilation to a new level of precision. In their paper published in Physical Review Letters, the team describes how their experiment was conducted and how it allowed them to validate the time dilation prediction to just a few parts per billion."

See also this article at Wikipedia.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Another good physics blog for teachers


The blog Quantum Progress  is a blog by a teacher for teachers. Apart from the main blog see also the other sections. The section 'More than a blog roll' is a review of many other physics teaching blogs - very valuable. I have not had time to read far - too much.

Here are a few posts of particular interest from the main blog: